|In May 2000, both the houses of the Indian
Parliament passed the Information Technology Bill. The Bill received the
assent of the President in August 2000 and came to be known as the
Information Technology Act, 2000. Cyber laws are contained in the IT Act,
This Act aims to provide the legal infrastructure for e-commerce in
India. And the cyber laws have a major impact for e-businesses and the new
economy in India. So, it is important to understand what are the various
perspectives of the IT Act, 2000 and what it offers.
The Information Technology Act, 2000 also aims to provide for the legal
framework so that legal sanctity is accorded to all electronic records and
other activities carried out by electronic means. The Act states that unless
otherwise agreed, an acceptance of contract may be expressed by electronic
means of communication and the same shall have legal validity and
enforceability. Some highlights of the Act are listed below:
- Chapter-II of the Act specifically stipulates that any subscriber may
authenticate an electronic record by affixing his digital signature. It
further states that any person can verify an electronic record by use of a
public key of the subscriber.
- Chapter-III of the Act details about Electronic Governance and
provides inter alia amongst others that where any law provides that
information or any other matter shall be in writing or in the typewritten
or printed form, then, notwithstanding anything contained in such law,
such requirement shall be deemed to have been satisfied if such
information or matter is - Police. These offences include tampering with
computer source documents, publishing of information, which is obscene in
electronic form, and hacking.
- The Act also provides for the constitution of the Cyber Regulations
Advisory Committee, which shall advice the government as regards any
rules, or for any other purpose connected with the said act. The said Act
also proposes to amend the Indian Penal Code, 1860, the Indian Evidence
Act, 1872, The Bankers' Books Evidence Act, 1891, The Reserve Bank of
India Act, 1934 to make them in tune with the provisions of the IT Act.